Vlora General Info
“The name of Vlores is one of the least well know geographic names of the eastern coast of the Adiatic that has remained since the ancient times. The city is on par with Durres, Shokdra, Lesha, and Ulqin, as one of the most important and ancient cities of Albania. Amantia was founded in the fifth century BCE and is one of the smaller southern Illyrian cities, is over 1000 years old and has many old mountain buildings and ancient antique stadiums built with large stone blacks.
South of the city of Vlore is found the city of Orikum, which is the most ancient port on the coast of Vlore, and was founded as a residential area in the fourth to fifth century BCE. The last archeological excavations in Kanina and Himara have given other evidence for the continuity of Illyrian culture through late antiquity and the middle ages.The Arianit Family has played large role in the political, military and society of Vlore, most notably in the 11 th Century with the first of the Arianitas, Komnen Golem Topia, until the 15 th and 16 th centuries. A noted individual of the 15 th century was Gjergj Arianiti, who organized the resistance against the Ottoman regimes in 1431-1432, in the mountains of valleys of Laberia. According to legend Gjergj Arianit was revered through out Europe. He allied himself with the Albanian hero Gjergj Kastriot Skenderbej, when Skenderbej married his daughter Donika, though Arianit remained independent in the South and middle of Albania. In the assembly of Lezha, on March 2, 1444, to face the dangers of the Ottoman occupation, Gjregj Arianiti stood by the Albanian rulers in their national campaign. Through out the centuries Vlora has been known as an important patriotic heart of Albania, and the struggles for freedom, independence and prosperity have been in the spirit of every Vloniat. In the years 1908-1912 the club “Laberia” made a burning hearth for the struggle for independence and against the Young Turks. The head of this club was Ismail Qemali.
Kusum Baba marine terrace. Situated in the eastern part of the city of Vlora, on the Kusum Babai hill, about 30 m above sea level. It is small known marine terrace. Its length exceeds 200-300 m. It can be reached there the Kusbabai Tekke.
Marine terraces At Cold Water. 30 m above the sea level. It is marine terrace. It is an old cliff, 20-25 m high, less known.Vlorë-cold Water Itinerary
The stone and the cave of Grama.. Located on the coast of the “Foot of Canal” mountain. The bay is introduced a few hundred meters on the ground, with rocky shores, with cliffs, maybe with underwater caves. Here is quarry where in the ancient times, the slaves have carved their names and other records, which constitute in important messages for researchers.Vlora-Himara itinerary
Coral barriers of the Devil’s Throat. The coral habitat is between Karaburun and Sazan and in depth of about 10 m. in the island of Sazani.
The cliff of Sazani. Falling directly into the sea, forms an active cliff with length od several hundred meters, altitude of 100-120 m. The walls have cracks, holes, and possibly karst caves. To the island of Sazan.
The scaling of Çikës mountain. Well expressed in the foot of the mountain range near the rural road to Dukat. It is a tectonic break, which is expressed in the form of a scale with height of 2-8 m. Vlorë-Llogora itinerary.
7. Active scaling of Dukat. 300 m from the rural road in Village Dukat. Constitutes in a rare geological phenomenon, cutting and shifting the river terrace 4-5 m.
The Termination of new active of Llogora. Near the village of Dukat in South-roadside trenches. There are hundreds meters of exit surface. Vlorë-Dukat Fushë-Llogora itinerary.
The Gjipea’s Canyon. It is formed by karst. 800 m long, 10 m wide, 100-120 m high.. Dhërmi-St. Theodor-Gjipe Beach itinerary
The earth dunes of Vuno. Represent the degraded landscape in Quaternary clay, 10-15 m thick and red, arrived from the heights. Are formed by erosion, the intensifying damage of the human factor, vegetation damage, fires. Vlorë-Vuno or Himarë-Vuno itinerary.
The Delta of Palasa stream. Constitutes in a cone formed by stream deposition, the largest in the country, with length 900 m, while the cone base is about 2 km, where is the gritty beach. Vlorë-Llogora-Palasë itinerary.
St. George Cave On the slope of Çika, known as “bee’s Cave”, of the “Red rock. Established by karst in limestone, 100 m long, 3-5 m high. About 8 m below the cave entrance, is an ancient wall. It is believed that the cave had been used by the Illyrian queen Teuta. Vlorë-Kotë-Tërbaç-cave.
Velça Cave. Brataj. Established by karst in limestone, consists in shrinkings and extensions and it has microforms. Several meters long, 5-7 m wide and high. Known as settlement of neolithic human, still unexplored. Vlorë-Kotë-Velçë itinerary.
The Cave of Haxhi Alia. Karaburun between the Gjuhëza and Goloveci Capes. Established by karsti in limestone over 30 m long, 10-15 to 10-12 m high and wide. The name is connected with the sailor named Haxhi Alia. Vlora-Gjuhëza Cape itinerary.
The Written cave of Lepenica. Brataj. Established by karst in limestone, where many ancient drawings are extended on the walls. Vlorë-Kotë-Lepenicë-cave.
The Cave of Porto Palermo. In the bay of Palermo. Karst cave, less known. Himara-Porto Palermo itinerary.
The Cave of Pirates. Situated near the marine cliff of the Monastery of St. Teodor. It is karst cave. The pirates were sheltered there with small boats. A rock divided into two parts blocks the access. The the beach of Dhermi.
Seriani Cave. Situated in the town of Himara. Recognized and named “Cave of Odisea”. . It is known karst cave 20 m long, 7-8 m high and wide.
Dukgjoni Cave. In the Gulf of Bristani. It is a known karst 30-40 m long, 20-25 m wide and high, with water puddles, concretions etc. Orikum-church of Marmiroi- Foot of the Canal itinerary.
The waterfall of Ramica. Brataj. Known and named as “Fell down water”. Formed by the sream o f Ramica, in limestone rocks, 10-12 m high. The water falls into a pit about 1.5 m deep. Vlorë-Kotë-Ramicë-Gjinoçicë itinerary.
The salty Source of Bashaj. It is a source of salt karst. It seems that during the road traverses underground salt layers. Vlorë-Kotë-Bashaj itinerary.